Lucknow, in Uttar Pradesh, was and is the focal point of chikan embroidery, famous for its immortal beauty and its gossamer delicacy, an aptitude over 200 years of age – misused, commercialism however not dead. Truth be told, the specialty is alive and attempting to recapture some of its previous magnificence and tastefulness. An investigation of the cause of chikan uncovers that this type of weaving had come to India from Persia with Noor Jehan, the ruler of the Mughal Emperor Jehangir. The word chikan is a subordinate from the Persian word “chikaan” which means drapery. What we know is that chikankari came to Oudh when Mughal power declined in Bengal and the artisans moved to the Oudh durbars, looking for work and support.
Chikan embroidery is done on fine cotton fabric. The pieces of clothing are initially sewed and afterward weaved, though skirts, saris, and table material are initially weaved and afterward wrapped up. The outline to be weaved is imprinted on the fabric with wooden squares, utilizing criminal hues, which are ordinarily made by blending a paste and indigo with water. For additional fine plans, metal squares are now and then utilized.
Taipchi: Running join took a shot at the right half of the fabric. It is sometimes done inside parallel columns to fill petals and leaves in a theme, called ghaspatti. Once in a while taipchi is utilized to make the bel buti everywhere throughout the fabric. This is the least complex chikan line and frequently serves as a premise for further adornment. It takes after jamdani and is viewed as the least expensive and the snappiest line.
Pechni: Taipchi is at some point utilized as a base for working different varieties and pechni is one of them. Here the taipchi is secured by lacing the string over it in a general way to give the impact of something like a lever spring and is constantly done on the right side on the material.
Pashni: Taipchi is attempted to diagram a theme and after that secured with moment vertical glossy silk lines over around two strings and is utilized for fine complete within badla.
Bakhia: It is the most well-known join and is frequently alluded to as shadow work. It is of two sorts:
(A) Ulta Bakhia: The buoys lie on the converse of the fabric underneath the theme. The straightforward muslin gets to be murky and gives a delightful impact of light and shade.
(B) Sidhi Bakhia: Satin join with confusing of individual strings. The buoys of string lie on the surface of the fabric. This is utilized to fill the structures and there is no light or shade impact.
Chikankari is a traditional embroidery style from Lucknow, India. According to few antiquarians chikankari is a Persian art that developed in the Mughal Court of the Emperor Jahangir by his delightful and skilled consort Nur Jahan. After the defeat of the Empire, Chikankari artisans spread all over India and established different communities for re-foundation in the eighteenth and nineteenth Century.
The strategy of production of a chikan work is known as chikankari. Chikan is fragile and cunningly done hand weaving on an assortment of material fabric like muslin, silk, chiffon, organza, net, etc. White string is weaved on cool, pastel shades of light muslin and cotton articles of clothing. These days chikan weaving is additionally finished with hued and silk strings in hues to meet the style patterns and stay up with the latest. Lucknow is the heart of the chikankari business today and the assortment is known as Lucknawi chikan.